How Is Your Mouth Affected by Diabetes?

How Is Your Mouth Affected by Diabetes?


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High sugar levels in your bloodstream indicate that the amount of sugar in your saliva is high. Saliva contains a certain amount of bacteria. Problems with plaque occur more frequently in people with diabetes and bacteria grow more quickly with sugar being present.

Diabetes, Type one or Type two, increases the incidence of several mouth problems, including:

  • The increased plaque which is the sticky film of bacteria that develops on your teeth
  • Fungal infections
  • Taste impairment and
  • Periodontal or gum disease

Bad breath can be caused by poor hygiene or excess bacteria. Good dental health is known to be important for preserving teeth, especially in diabetes. According to a new study, good dental hygiene appears to be important for maintaining good blood vessel health and heart.

Among the four chambers that comprise the human heart, the left ventricle is considered the most important. Blood is pumped to the rest of the body from the left ventricular. It is the largest and most muscular chamber, and when its muscle becomes overgrown it can cause problems in two ways. The left ventricle can have difficulty accepting the blood presented to it by the lungs when the blood pressure reaches dangerous levels because its muscles take up space that is needed to hold blood.

Managing Diabetes with gingivitis and periodontitis had more left ventricular muscle than those with healthy mouths. Overall body blood pressures and large artery blood pressures were higher in diabetics with periodontitis than those with gingivitis or healthy mouths.

The signs and symptoms of gingivitis are :

  • Swollen gums
  • Soft gums
  • Tender gums
  • Gums that bleed with gentle brushing or flossing
  • Bad breath and
  • Dusky red rather than healthy pale pink gums

The most frequent cause of gingivitis is poor oral hygiene, so brushing and flossing at least twice a day and seeing a dentist regularly are important. Other risk factors include:

  • Tobacco use
  • Type one or Type two diabetes
  • Older age
  • Poor immunity
  • Certain medications
  • Certain viral or fungal infections
  • Dry mouth
  • Hormonal changes which accompany pregnancy
  • Poor nutrition
  • Substance abuse and
  • Ill-fitting dentures

Periodontitis can follow gingivitis if it is not taken care of. Signs and symptoms include:

  • Swollen gums
  • Bright red or purplish gums
  • Tenderness
  • Gums that recede from the teeth making them appear longer than normal
  • New spaces between teeth
  • Bad breath
  • Bad flavor in the mouth
  • Loose teeth and
  • Changes in the way the teeth fit with biting

If you have signs or symptoms of gingivitis or periodontitis, see your dentist and follow his or her instructions for good oral health. The best advice is to see your dentist twice a year and make sure your dentist knows you have Type two diabetes.