The brain and spinal cord are the two most vital parts of the nervous system. It acts as a relay. It gives information to different parts of the body. The nervous system is divided into two subclasses – peripheral nervous system and central nervous system. They make sure that our body is functioning fine. Some diseases prevent these systems from operating normally. The branch of medicine that deals with the conditions and diseases of the nervous system are known as neurology. Once the treatment of the neurological disorder needs surgical intervention, neurosurgery comes into play.
Following conditions are dealt with by a neurosurgeon –
It is the condition in which abnormal cells are formed within the brain. They may either begin within the brain or at different places and travel to the brain. Benign tumors are non-cancerous whereas a malignant tumor is cancerous. The speed of growth depends on the extent of the tumor. This growth determines the operation of the neoplasm.
Some examples of these tumors are brain tumors, meningioma, brain metastases, etc. These occur when there is an error in polymer mutation. It’s known with the help of symptoms like headache, nausea, vomiting, vision downside, seizures, etc.
It is a gaggle of medicine disorders within which there’s abnormal brain activity leading to seizures. There’s a random amount of unusual behavior that causes sensation and loss of awareness. The symptoms of the patients can be of different intensity. Some individuals twitch their arms whereas a variety of them will stare at an area.
You should consult a doctor once they last for quite 5 minutes and when it’s stopped, there is no come of consciousness. It depends based on numerous factors such as head injury, genes, brain conditions, etc.
Tumors formed within the pituitary gland are known as pituitary tumors. Most of these tumors are non-cancerous and they do not spread/reach to other parts of the body. They help glands to provide lower levels of hormones. The symptoms may not occur regularly. The symptoms related to these tumors are vision loss, headache, feeling cold, etc.
Some of the common treatment choices are as follows –
Brain tumor Surgery
It is associated with the operation to urge obviate neoplasm from the brain. Surgery depends on the type and grade of the neoplasm. It is one of the primary treatment that is usually recommended by doctors. There are different surgical choices. Areas of the brain that manage the senses and language are identified in cortical mapping. A craniotomy is done if the skull needs to be opened. Anesthesia will be given and incisions are made in the scalp to remove brain tumor.
It is an operation done to control seizures. The primary aim of this surgery is to urge obviate the particular neighborhood of the brain that causes seizures. In pneumogastric stimulation, a tool is placed below the skin that lowers the onset of a seizure by giving an associate electrical jolt. Lobe brain disorder is treated by cutting away the realm of the brain tissue that’s affected. The focus of the seizure is removed during this system.
Deep Brain Stimulation
Deep Brain Stimulation is done mostly to treat Parkinsonism, OCD, and Dystonia. Electrodes are implanted in the brain. Electrical impulses that regulate abnormal impulses are produced by the electrodes. The impulses given area are controlled by a tool that seems like a pacemaker. Side effects like a seizure, infection, headache, stroke, temporary pain at the situation of implantation, etc. may occur after the surgery