The Different Types of Physiotherapy

The Different Types of Physiotherapy

The Different Types of Physiotherapy

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There are various kinds of physiotherapy. There are specific fields within which physiotherapists can choose from. They include women’s health, pediatrics, sports medicine, and many more. There are three main types of physiotherapy in general which are explained below:


It is the treatment of joints, muscles, and bones. The most common forms of ailments/injuries are conditions such as sprains, arthritis, posture issues,  chronic back pain, sports injuries, incontinence as well as reduced mobility. Rehabilitation can also be offered to assist after surgery.


This refers to the treatment of disorders regarding the cardio-respiratory system. emphysema, asthma, and chronic bronchitis. After thoracic surgery, this form of physiotherapy can also be offered to assist in rehabilitation.


Neurological includes disorders related to the nervous system. For instance, people who have had spinal cord injury, Parkinson’s disease, head injury, a stroke or multiple sclerosis can be assisted with neurological physiotherapy. This can be assisted with rehabilitation after brain surgery. Physiotherapy Hospitals use a number of techniques to treat a variety of conditions. These include: 

  • Manual therapy: This includes massage, stretching, resistance coaching, and manipulation also as joint and spinal mobilization.
  • Exercise programs: You will be asked to do a number of exercises under the direction and guidance of the practitioner. These could include stretching, cardiovascular training, muscle strengthening, and posture retraining.
  • Electrotherapy techniques: These include treatments such as laser therapy, diathermy, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), and ultrasound.
  • Other techniques: There are many more techniques that are used to treat a number of conditions. Some of these treatments are: taping and splinting, correcting incorrect sporting techniques, providing information on equipment aids, for instance, wheelchairs and walking frames.

I hope you’ve found this information useful. The primary aim of physiotherapy is to restore the functions of the body, whether the issue is considered a cardiothoracic condition, neurological or musculoskeletal. Always make sure that your physiotherapist is qualified. Always remember, you don’t need a doctor’s referral to see a physiotherapist, in case you have an ailment, it is a good idea consulting with your general practitioner instead of directly visiting a physical therapist. There are various types of physiotherapy and areas in which a physiotherapist may decide to specialize, depending on their interest. Physiotherapy is more than just the treatment of joint pain and muscles, it also offers a holistic approach to the health of the entire body. I hope that our summary of the different types of physiotherapy has given some insight into some of the different types of treatment methods used by physiotherapists and some of the broader conditions that physiotherapists can treat.